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What are temporary works?

Temporary works are essential components of the construction process that enable the construction of permanent structures. They refer to any temporary structures, materials, or equipment used to support the construction process, ensuring that the construction project is carried out safely and efficiently. Temporary works can include a wide range of structures such as formwork, scaffolding, and falsework.


The Importance of Temporary Works


Temporary works are vital in construction as they provide essential support for the construction process. Temporary works help to ensure the safety of construction workers, the public, and the existing structures during the construction process. They also enable the efficient construction of the permanent structure by providing support, access, and a stable working environment. Temporary works must be carefully designed, installed, maintained, and dismantled to ensure the safety of all involved in the construction process.




Types of Temporary Works


There are many types of temporary works used in construction, and they can be categorized into different groups:

  1. Formwork: Formwork is a temporary structure used to mold concrete into the desired shape and size until it sets and hardens. It can be made from timber, steel, aluminum, or plastic.

  2. Scaffolding: Scaffolding is a temporary structure used to provide access for workers to the construction site, support the construction process, and ensure safety. Scaffolding can be made from timber, steel, or aluminum.

  3. Falsework: Falsework is a temporary structure used to support the weight of the permanent structure during the construction process. Falsework can be made from timber, steel, or aluminum.

  4. Shoring: Shoring is a temporary structure used to support an existing structure during construction. Shoring can be used to support walls, floors, or roofs.

  5. Retaining structures: Retaining structures are temporary structures used to support excavations or to prevent the collapse of slopes during the construction process.

  6. Temporary access: Temporary access includes temporary roads, ramps, and bridges used to provide access to the construction site for workers, materials, and equipment.

Safety and Regulations


Temporary works must be designed, installed, maintained, and dismantled safely to ensure the safety of all involved in the construction process. In most countries, there are regulations and codes of practice that set out the requirements for the design, installation, and maintenance of temporary works. Designers and contractors must ensure that temporary works are designed and installed to meet these requirements and that they are regularly inspected and maintained throughout the construction process.


Conclusion




Temporary works are essential components of the construction process that enable the safe and efficient construction of permanent structures. They provide support, access, and a stable working environment for construction workers, ensuring the safety of all involved in the construction process. Proper design, installation, and maintenance of temporary works are crucial for ensuring the safety and success of the construction project.

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